Give a Listen—Kathy Edin joins P4P to discuss $2.00 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America

On Sunday, December 3rd, 2017, Politics for the People spent an hour in conversation with Dr. Kathryn Edin, one of the co-authors of $2.00 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America.


You can listen to the whole conversation at the end of this post or take a look at the highlights below.

Dr. Edin is one of the country’s leading researchers focused on understanding poverty in America.  She is a qualitative and mixed-method researcher who has studied welfare, the working poor, family life and the social context of poverty to provide new insights into the lives of the poor in America. She is the author of several books.

In $2.00 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America, Kathy and her co-author H. Luke Shaefer uncover the growing phenomenon of Americans living with virtually no cash, on $2.00 a day or less.

I think Kathy’s body of work is critically important in demystifying poverty and busting through some of the anti-poor, misguided and commonly held beliefs about poverty in America and the impact those beliefs have on public policy.

Give a listen to my introduction of Dr. Edin and our opening conversation where Kathy lays out how she uncovered the growing numbers of Americans living on $2.00 a day.  I asked how she picked $2.00 a day as the marker for extreme poverty.  She shared with us that they wanted to “…choose a number that would have some resonance with the way we measure extreme poverty in other countries….$2.00 is one of the rubrics the World Bank uses to measure extreme poverty in developing nations.”

Dr. Edin shares with us her approach of spending time in four different parts of the country: Chicago, Cleveland, Appalachia and the Mississippi Delta to meet Americans struggling to survive on $2.00 a day and to answer four questions: Was this real? How do people end up here? What’s it like? What are the consequences?


In our next clip, two Politics for the People members ask Dr. Edin their questions. Dr. Jessie Fields asks, “In your extensive look at poverty why do you think America, the most financially advanced country, has so profoundly failed to address poverty? ”  Kathy talks about her time in the Mississippi Delta and how it changed her.  Speaking of her time with Tabitha Hicks, she says, “…I’d never met anyone so hungry….At one point I screwed up the courage to ask her, what does it feel like to be this hungry and she said,

Well, it feels like you want to be dead, because it’s peaceful being dead.”

Dr. Edin goes on to say that it is “…the kind of separation we see in the United States that blinds us to the poor.”

Catana Barnes shares a personal experience in trying to access the TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) program in Nevada, and asks Dr. Edin how many families are actually able to receive meaningful assistance there.

You can listen below or by clicking this link:


Harry Kresky asks in the next section, “Occupy Wall Street and the Sanders campaign raised the issue of income inequality.  From a policy, political and moral point of view, what is the relationship between that approach and ending poverty?” Check out what Kathy Edin has to say including her comments, “Is society so unequal that the poor can’t participate? Is society so unequal that the poor are are no longer assigned a valuable place in society?”

Nicole Diaz, a psychology student at Bronx Community College asks Dr. Edin why she decided to write a book about the problems poor people are dealing with and what she felt as she was writing and doing her research.  Kathy powerfully shares her experiences and says, “It’s been the greatest privilege really of my career to write about and represent these families.”  Give a listen:


Our final question of the evening came from Tiani Coleman who spoke about her own experiences with family members going through poverty and how difficult it was. She asked Dr. Edin to talk about how she is able to enter people’s lives and earn their trust.  Give a listen to their conversation:


You can listen to the full recording of the Politics for the People conversation with Dr. Kathryn Edin below:








Reader’s Forum on $2.00 a Day continues


I’m moved by Kathryn Edin’s book and all the comments it inspired. Here’s mine:

Our political system represents the wealthiest of the wealthy. We’re never honestly told, “Here are the leftover crumbs. Fight among yourselves.” Rather, we’re lied to with “Here are the jewels. The best and most worthy among you may achieve them.”

I grew up on the South side of Chicago in the 50s. The first Black family that moved into my neighborhood had their house firebombed. During my teen years in the 60s we 20171204_134452moved to the Roseland neighborhood Edin wrote about. The Pullman factory was closed, people living right across from that isolated factory were referred to as lesser-than — as hillbillies. When football games took place at Gately Stadium with Black schools, fights always broke out.

Thinking that one part of humanity was more worthy than another – fighting over crumbs — was just a part of life.

In the 70s, I met an activist fighting against social injustices. She was on my college campus, had pen and sign-up sheet in hand, and I signed up. This new life activity changed my world view from nothing can be done to we’re the ones who have to bring about change.

As others have commented about “$2 a Day”, it’s going to take a lot of us to make that change. Tiani Xochitl Coleman’s comment touched me: “…we need a change of heart, a deepening of our cultural values to help solve the problems of poverty.”

 This isn’t just a psychological change. It’s lots of work – team work as the college students referred to – to change our political system. No one should be forced to live on crumbs.

Alice Rydel is a thirty year builder of the All Stars Project and a life long independent.  

Join Tonight’s Call. $2.00 A Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America.

Reader ‘s Forum–from Nevada to the Bronx to Florida

We wrap up our Reader’s Forum this afternoon with four submissions. One from Catana Barnes, the President of Independent Voters of Nevada, two from college students at  Bronx Community College and a note from an independent activist in Florida.

I hope that you will join us this evening at 7 pm EST for our conversation with co-author of $2.00 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America, Kathryn Edin.


Politics for the People Conference Call

With Kathyrn Edin, co-author of

$2.00 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America

Join the Conversation

641-715-3605 and passcode 767775#



Kathryn J. Edin and H. Luke Shaffer’s $2.00 A Day Living on Almost Nothing in America is one of the most personally relatable books I have ever read. As I read through chapters 1 and 2, I felt as though I was reading through a diary of my own life. Chapter 2, Perilous

catana barnes speakingWork, affected me so much it was suggested that I not finish reading the book. I will, of course, finish reading the book with great anticipation and, unfortunately, with great sadness. This is a book that can be of comfort and support to those, like myself, who have had to survive on little to nothing and a book that can provide great insight to those who have never had to deal with this kind of struggle. I absolutely believe this book can and will change the way people, in the United State and the /world, understand and view poverty in the United States; a country that proclaims its economic prowess.
Catana Barnes is the founder and President of Independent Voters of Nevada.



My name is Claudia Arroyo. I am a Full Time Student from Bronx Community College and I am majoring in Psychology. I learned about your work from my Psychology professor Rafael Mendez. I am submitting my thoughts and questions about the writing $2 A Day on Extreme Poverty in America and will be attending the conference call on Sunday at 7PM.

Upon Reading $2 A Day it is interesting to know how close to home many aspects of this book touch upon. Either we have experienced many of these events ourselves or we know somebody who has lived through it or is going through it currently. There claudia arroyois so much struggle and trauma that the individuals mentioned in the story and those who encounter these challenges face everyday and must continue to live with it because it has shaped who they are. What stood out a lot to me was the story of Jennifer and her children. When living with family members it still wasn’t a positive or safe environment for her children. Little did she know the impact that this had for them, especially her son who suddenly became very aggressive and violent to the point where he harmed his sister. Even then his sister also suffered being molested by one of her own family members which forced Jennifer to flee with her kids to somewhere else she could call “home”, although it is difficult to consider a place home, when it isn’t yours and there is no stable settlement. With this we see difficulties of finding places to safely call home, especially with ones own family, they are the ones which can hurt you the most or even abandon you in your time of need. But because these events do have an influence to shape who we are, they certainly are not what officially determines the person we can be, as humans we are dynamic and constantly changing and have the ability to adapt and overcome.

My question to you is, yes it is already difficult to live in the U.S, especially in major cities like New York or Los Angeles, but how much more does the difficulty increase of sustainably living here in the U.S as a person of color, someone who is hispanic/latinx, or even outside of the U.S?

Thank you.

Sincerely, Claudia Arroyo



    My name is Madeline Manzueta and I am a student at Bronx Community College and here is my comment on the story.
    Poverty is something that is overlooked in this country. Congress doesn’t really care about the poor and their struggles. We see this in chapter 3, as Jennifer talks about her not being able to afford such a place like the one in which her aunt was letting her stay. I can relate to Jennifer because it is very expensive to live. In the Bronx a one bedroom apartment is now going for 1,400 which is impossible for someone with a minimum wage job to afford. They now have programs offering rent controlled housing for what they call “those with low income.” In order to qualify for these apartments you must at least have an income of about 16,000. The average poor person barely even has an income of 5,000 so how do they expect for us to be able to afford these places?



I just started the last chapter of this book and I am only now starting to see the organized

Ashley Bruno

outlook and commentary on what needs to be done to cure the “disease” of poverty, in addition to accepting the sad symptoms. With 20 pages left, I remember when I was only 20 pages in, still then naive to the wrenching reality of modern day poverty in America and how it would be illustrated in this writing. I really believed I would be reading a how-to-guide on living on almost nothing, as if there was an underground network of people administering tips and lifestyle advice on getting it done, against all odds, without criminal and dangerous activity and/or total dependence on an ultimately unalleviating and traumatizing welfare system.  I am glad to have read this book and been given a reminder, yet again, of what the collective mind set and experience is of the people who aren’t making it, where the cycle of poverty is like a chain that seems to be unbroken, as the closest thing to direct slavery, and actually still is in many ways, especially mentally.

The last few years, since I joined this network of direct urban humanitarianism and canvassed low-income housing buildings advocating for open primaries, I have felt the need to understand better the communities that are suffering the most, and why,  eliminating the “us and them” and completely eliminating the pursuit of “success” in a capitalist driven society that aims to keep the rich-rich, and the poor and ethnic in a box to provide for cheap labor, control, and pocketed subsidies, made on people, that should be going to the programs and the people themselves. The money exists! The gap, margin, and total imbalance in our demographic economy is so extreme, the outlook has become bleak! There are so many people caught in this cycle and they keep procreating in the most terrible conditions. This isn’t yesterday’s “third-world” problem, and this is not a television show. This is today and now. These family stories are just a few of the endless situations going on and all the people suffering, fearing being out in the divided world today, yet unsafe at home, or the bare survival of one.

I am truly amazed by those who are courageous enough to get involved and try to take these issues on, for I have made no difference and was starting to feel like I just can’t. I think of the serenity prayer. “God grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, the courage to change the things I can, and the wisdom to know the difference.” I want to focus on that last chapter. I want it to expand. I believe that together we can create the how to guide, because essentially we need to.

This book is definitely not boring, somewhere in between a dramatic yet disturbing lifetime movie and an interview with the real life person behind the door of the NYC Projects buildings the day you stop in and say, “can you sign this petition if you believe in positive change and a fair system?”, wondering how many people live in there and why it smells like that.  I will aim to make the conference call, but I should be working tomorrow. If I change that, I will hear you all on the call. Otherwise you know you will hear from me; I appreciate this listen and learn.

Ashley Bruno is a volunteer with Independent Voting and Open Primaries.



What I’ve been thinking ever since I read this chapter is that while a lot of operations are trying to help families in poverty even when it’s rather difficult, there are at least a few operations that make things worse for these families. Poor people may not have hygiene because they weren’t properly taught by their families or that there wasn’t enough IMG_0286water. Families may go into poverty because the housing costs are too much for them to handle. When I read this chapter, it makes me think of a similar problem is happening in all apartments in the Bronx, especially in the South Bronx, because families will lose their apartments because of housing. I think it was an amazing decision for Kathryn J. Edin and H. Luke Shaefer to write how the family, especially Jennifer, will help Kaitlin to cope with the trauma of being sexually molested by Jose, since it shows that even or especially in dark times, some families can still support each other, since not all of them do. It kind of seems like people of poverty are victims of abuse because they’re easy targets. Why are poor people more likely to be subjected to physical, mental, and sexual abuse than people who aren’t in poverty?

Sage Sepulveda is a college student at Bronx Community College.



To My Pen Pal About Poverty in America


To My Pen Pal About Poverty in America

By Frank Fear

A Review of $2.00 a Day:

Living on Almost Nothing In America

By Kathryn J. Edin and H. Luke Shaefer

My critiques of America are misguided, so my pen pal tells me. I underestimate America’s greatness and overplay its challenges. He is dedicated to helping me “understand.”

Yet another of his missives arrived a few weeks ago. It came at a time when I was reading, $2.00 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America (by Kathryn J. Edin and H. 836ad-2-a-dayLuke Shaefer. Boston: Mariner Books, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2015).

It made me think about an omission in our discourse. My pen pal has never brought up the topic of poverty in America, not even once. Perhaps he thinks we’ve solved it. Maybe it’s not a priority for keeping America great.

Either way, he’s not alone in looking elsewhere. Poverty has fallen off America’s radar screen. We hardly even use the word these days. We prefer talking about tax cuts or referring to “working Americans.”

What a difference from the days of my youth! In 1964, President Johnson Lyndon made his intent clear and expressed it directly. He declared “A War on Poverty.”

What changed? Starting in the 1970’s, Governor (later president) Reagan had a bee under his bonnet for the “evils of welfare.” He promulgated his angst visually with the image of “The Welfare Queen.” Later, President Clinton signed a bill ‘reforming’ the welfare system.

Well, America got reform. And it American changed … for the worse.

“How so?” my pen pan will certainly ask. I’ll respond by quoting $2.00 a Day (p. xxiii).

“America’s cash welfare program that caught people when they fell—was not merely replaced with the 1996 welfare reform (note: Clinton’s reform); it was very nearly destroyed. In its place arose a different kind of safety net, one that provides a powerful hand up to some—the working poor—but offers much less to others, that is, those who can’t manage to find or keep a job. This book is based on what happens when a government safety net is built on the assumption of full-time, stable employment at a living wage combines with a low-wage labor market that fails to deliver on any of the above. It is this toxic alchemy…that is spurring the increasing numbers of $2-a-day poor in America.” 

That’s why (I’ll tell my pen pal) it’s precisely the right time for poverty to re-emerge as a public policy priority. $2 a Day should be the rallying call for that movement. “There can be no exceptional America (an image that my friend believes in so thoroughly) if that circumstance remains a reality,” I’ll write.

Misguided public policies need to be corrected, I’ll continue. We need to name, and then proclaim, those policies for exactly what they are … heartless. What we need today, I’ll write, is for American patriots to step forward—just as Marian Wright Edelman did in 1995 when she chastised President Clinton in an “open letter” published in The Washington Post. In that letter, Edelman quoted Franklin D. Roosevelt’s powerful admonition: “Better the occasional faults of a government that lives in a spirit of charity than the constant omission of a government frozen in the ice of its own indifference.”

I’d then remind my pen pal of a conversation that I had with another colleague nearly thirty years ago. The colleague had been invited by then-President George H.W. Bush to serve on the commission to plan the Points of Light Foundation. “Points of Light?” I asked emphatically over dinner one night. “It sounds like a bait-and-switch, a flowery label used as a ploy – a ploy to reduce government support for those who need it most–to get people “off the government dole.”

My pen pal will bristle at that assertion, just as my other colleague did that night. But I’ll be prepared to bolster my argument by drawing on another passage from $2.00 a Day (p. 102).

“Private charity in America is often viewed as the little engine that could. It chugs along admirably, providing billions of dollars in aid to the poor each year…. Yet, even in America—and even for those who are adept at gleaning all that private charity has to offer—it can’t even begin to replicate, much less replace, what the government does. Private charity is a complement to government action, something that bolsters the government safety net.”

Charity is important. Self-help efforts are vital. But government support is the cornerstone. It’s not the cornerstone now – and that needs to change in a responsible, progressive way.

How so?” my pen pal will certainly ask. In response, I’ll offer three steps as proposed in $2.00 a Day (see Conclusion: Where, Then, From Here? Pp. 157-174).

The first step is to scrap the term, “reform.’ Welfare needs to be replaced. That’s not a new idea, I’ll tell my pen pal. It was the cornerstone of David Ellwood’s influential thinking from twenty years ago. It needs to be resurrected.

The second step is to ground a replacement strategy in four American values: 1) autonomy of the individual, 2) the virtue of work, 3) the primacy of the family, and 4) a desire for community. Basing policies on those pillars will go a long way toward integrating the poor in society, rather than separating them from society – the unfortunate reality that exists today.

The third step is to put in place policies that accomplish three outcomes: 1) provide opportunities for all to work, 2) enable parents to raise kids in a place of their own, and 3) strengthen the financial safety net so that people never go without.

I have faith in what Eden and Shaffer propose, I’ll say, because I believe it’s the foundation of good public policy.

He’ll scoff at that declaration! I know he will. Why do I think so? One reason is what I learned from reading a provocative article written recently by Kevin Quealy, published in The New York Times. Quealy talks about how political elites influence public opinion, especially with regard to topics that are complex, technical, or off-the-radar screen.

The political elites to whom my friend pays attention don’t talk about poverty. They talk about cutting taxes, bolstering corporate America, reducing government regulations, managing budget deficits, correcting trade imbalances, curbing terrorism, bolstering defense … but never, ever about poverty.

Poverty has been handled. It’s being dealt with by non-profits, churches, and philanthropists. “We in America are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of any land. The poor-house is vanishing among us.” Herbert Hoover, August 11, 1928.

I’ll tell my friend that he’s misguided, that America needs to respond in a prudent, humane way. America can’t possibly be great if people are living on $2 a day.

Don’t you agree?

Frank A. Fear is professor emeritus, Michigan State University. Frank is a frequent contributor to the LA Progressive and also writes about issues that intersect sport and society. You can read him at The Sports Column at  He is a long time independent and active with Independent Voting.


A Letter from a Friend in Response

Hi Frank,

What can I say?

I think your article is brilliantly written in the most honest, clear and down to earth way. A humane and compelling format/conversation with “the other”. No demonization. No negating. Very intimate and political, touching and smart-a powerful personal/political organizing piece!

You locate poverty (the unspoken and criminally ignored white elephant in our country and in the world) structurally and not as a new phenomenon that we can just blame on one party – or the other – or on one leader or the other.  Poverty is institutionally located within a quagmire of ongoing unjust, inhumane policies that have and are destroying millions of lives, families, children, every day. And as you say, which must be thrown out and replaced-not reformed.

As a longtime political activist, I see the – up from the ground -National Independent Political Movement ( -working in concert with the many groups and individuals nationwide to build together to bring about this change!

Between your distribution networks and ours, I hope your piece reaches endless numbers of people hungry for a humane and sane direction to follow in this period.

Thank you Frank.

Kindest regards,


junehirsch solo

June Hirsh is an organizer with She lives in Manhattan’s Greenwich Village.


 Please Join the Politics for the People Conference Call

With Kathyrn Edin

We will be discussing:

$2.00 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America

Sunday, December 3rd at 7 pm EST

Call In and Join the Conversation

641-715-3605 and passcode 767775#


Michelle McCleary–Reader’s Forum on $2.00 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America



$2 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing In America

$2 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing In America:  by authors Kathryn J. Edin and H. Luke Shaefer is a simply written but powerful book.  The authors do a great job of humanizing and detailing the lives of the poorest of the poor, i.e. a segment of our population that Americans either don’t know exist or dismiss and critique.  I must admit that this was one of the hardest P4P submissions that I have ever written. It took more time than usual to finish.  While reading $2 a Day  I needed to take frequent breaks because I found the content so upsetting and infuriating. A few times while speaking to a client at work last week, I started to think about the book.  I am nearly embarrassed to admit that I started to cry!  I am sure that the clients could hear the tears in my voice, but mercifully didn’t say anything.   The authors do a thorough job of detailing the devastating effects and failure of ‘welfare reform.’  I found myself wanting to scream ‘who the eff do you think you are’ at President Bill Clinton and the other politicians who created this thoughtless disaster.  I, of course, already knew about what is referred to as the ‘welfare reform’ act of 1996, but authors Kathryn J. Edin and Luke Shaefer’s words had a profound impact on me.

“We must teach people to love the poor.” – Dr. Lenora Fulani.  I read Fulani’s quote in a Facebook post by Cathy Stewart, founder and creator of the Politics for the People book club.  I wholeheartedly agree with this statement because I believe with all of who I am that the only thing that will truly end poverty is to change our culture which currently blames and humiliates poor people to a culture that shows support and compassion.  I hope that the rest of my blog post contributes to conveying this love.

When my alarm clock rings at 4:15am on work days, I groan and wonder out loud for the 500th time if I am insane for working at a job that requires waking up at this hour.  After I manage to drag myself out of bed, have a shower and drink a strong cup of green tea, I usually start to feel happy.  I am thrilled that I will get to spend another day with my co-workers who are some of the most interesting and lovely people I have ever met.  Working with my colleagues is like living in Harlem, NY: you are never alone.  People smile at each other and say hello just because. One of the many things that I have always loved about Black people is our courage: we face our pain head on.   My primarily Black co-workers are very honest about who they are. Most of them have lived and continue to live in environments and in situations that are daunting. It is not unusual to speak to a co-worker who survived crack and heroin addiction, homelessness, time in prison or long periods of their lives trying to survive on meager government assistance.  About six months ago, I met a co-worker who I will call ‘Joyce.’  During one of our conversations, Joyce shared with me that she was living in a ‘half way house i.e. she was allowed to work while she finished her prison sentence.  I think Joyce thought I would judge her, but I just said “it’s all good, we all make mistakes.”  Joyce flashed me her beautiful, nearly toothless smile.  When I shared with Joyce, that I am a vegan/vegetarian, Joyce promised to try to smuggle some veggie burgers out of the prison cafeteria for me. Ha!! A very pregnant, 21 year old young woman who grew up in foster care and now lives in a shelter has inherited countless ‘mothers’ at work.  I love to see her smile as we heap more love and support on her than she has likely ever received in her life.

In 2009, I graduated from business school with a Master of Business Administration degree (M.B.A). Unfortunately I was greeted by the worst job market in 100 years as America struggled through the Great Recession.  When I finally found employment, I was privileged to have the opportunity to work with ‘vulnerable’ youth i.e. young adults who lived in homeless shelters, foster care placements or who were court involved.  It was tough getting through what I will call ‘our honeymoon period’ with a twist – these young people were tough and mean. After I let them know, nicely of course (ha!) that I couldn’t be bullied by them, they began to show me how loving they could be to me and to each other. When my father died in 2012, my students presented me with hand-written cards to show how sorry they were for my loss.  I even received a hand-made flower! When I started to cry in front of the class, they surrounded me in a huge group hug.   My students were particularly kind to me when I was suffering from horrible pain due to fibroid tumors.  Although I was on painkillers, some break through pain made it nearly impossible to stand or walk around. It was not unusual for a student – usually one of the young men – to push me around the space in a chair that had wheels on it.  These devastated and poor young adults taught this ‘woman of a certain age’ how to text, gently corrected me when I referred to tweets as twits (ha!) and tried hard not to laugh when I took my extremely out of style flip phone (remember those) out of my purse.

In his work with Barack Obama, David Axelrod once wrote that one of his first tasks was to humanize Barack Obama to white America.  Unfortunately race still plays a big role in our culture and black people, even those who are as educated and privileged as a Barack Obama, are rarely seen as human.  I believe that in teaching people to love the poor we must first help to humanize the poor.  In giving our own love for a segment of the population who both need and deserve so much love, we will provide tremendous leadership to America and the world.

Michelle McCleary is a life-long independent and the President of the New York Black MBA Association.

Please Join the Politics for the People Conference Call

With Kathyrn Edin

We will be discussing:

$2.00 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America

Sunday, December 3rd at 7 pm EST

Call In and Join the Conversation

641-715-3605 and passcode 767775#



Reader’s Forum: Bronx Community College Students react to $2.00 A Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America


Dr. Rafael Mendez is an Associate Professor and Coordinator of Psychology at Bronx Community College.  He is on the faculty at the Eastside Institute for Short-term and Group Therapy and is a senior clinician of the Social Therapy Group. He is also a founding and national board member of the All Stars Project, Inc.

Dr. Mendez invited his students to participate in Politics for the People, to read a chapter or two from $2.00 A Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America and to share their thoughts with us here and then join our conference call on Sunday, December 3rd.

In today’s Reader’s Forum, we have comments from 13 students


Tiffany Guzman is currently taking Abnormal Psychology at Bronx Community College. She read Chapter Three: A Room of One’s Own

My thoughts on this chapter is that we as a society are not doing enough to help those who are living in poverty. Many people in America cannot afford housing leaving them to to do their best to try to get into a shelter that is usually at full capacity, move in with family members or friends and some might have no choice but to live in the streets. Society has been going through a crisis of housing instability for well over a decade and it does not seem to be getting any better. The causes for this crisis is that the cost of housing is at an all-time high and wages are too low to pay one’s rent. Society has tried to help those who have lost their home but it’s very difficult to get housing assistance due to the wait lists being incredible long for housing and section 8, section 8 is also closed as a result of the high volume of applicants, and there are also not enough units available. The effects of this crisis are abominable it can lead to these vulnerable people to experience physical, verbal, and sexual abuse, also stress, and sickness due to living in uninhabitable condition all because they have no home. I believe that we have to do more and provide more public assistance program to help find all those in need housing because everyone deserves to have a roof over their head. Society should guarantee housing to all its citizens because it helps support their basic need.


Delmary Ortiz, who is taking “Life Span Development” shared the following post:

My thoughts on the readings made me look deeply into the situations that hit close to home with either friends, family even neighbors going through similar situations. As a parent as Jennifer is to Kaitlin and Cole, her biggest concern was safety which is to most parents. It saddens me to find out that a family member had molested Kaitlin. You would think your kids would be safe around people you call family but it is not always the case. I’m currently taking Human Service to become a social worker soon. I would love to assist families in finding services that can better assist their situations.

I am a NYCHA resident and have been for the past 3 years. You can say after readings these stories that I was lucky only being on the waiting list for 3 years. When I applied for housing, section 8 was currently opened but I was not informed of what that was. We live in a world that is every man for themselves. For this reason, I want to become a social worker to help the community develop a strong stable hub so, that they can be knowledgeable in what is offered for the situations they might be facing. You get discourage to even get help because the people helping you have such a discouraging attitude.

My question to you is how can we move forward, when the systems that are built to help you sustain stability are failing?


Kauri Moronta is taking the Psychology of Infancy and Childhood.

We see people living in poverty all around the country.  In the book “$2 a Day, Living on Almost Nothing” it states that low-income families are “eating up” far more than they can afford. We need money to eat, for clothing and other necessities.   It says that 30 percent of income is spent on housing which is a “cost burden”.  I can apply this theory to myself and my family.  The rent in my house is about one third of my mother’s income, therefore we need government support.  This is the case in households living in poverty.


Kristiana Brooks shares,

I thought the stories in this chapter were extremely sad but it was not surprising to me. These type of stories have become the norms in today’s society and culture. It continues to be an ongoing cycle of struggling families trying to make ends meet, bending backwards to try and make it to the top but the system is not made for them to succeed. Sadly, the children in these families have a high percentage of being in the same position as their parents and are vulnerable growing up in abusive situations because of the lifestyle they are forced to live. How can society just be “okay” with knowing that there are families suffering day to day trying to get through? With no food, water, heat and the list goes on and on. Everyone is so focused on trying to make their own life better that we do not even think to wonder how others are doing. We automatically assume “if I can do it, they can do it”. But that is far from the truth. Families like the ones told in the story will most likely never make it out.


I am Nicole Diaz. I am studying psychology in Bronx Community College. I am student of Rafael Mendez in his class Child Development. I work in Grey Stone Learning Center and I active in my church 7 Seven Day Adventist which I teach bible study to kids.

Nicole read Chapter 2: “Perilous Work” and Chapter 3: “A Room of One’s Own”.

When I read chapter 2 and 3 I was actually amazed because the writer portrays the real life of poor in the United stated in different aspect. She went to details in the economic, emotion and health that those poor women have to handle. In the economic aspect she points out the way that those programs of the government really work and the way that they are affecting the poor development. For example, in chapter 2 there was a part that was talking about stamp. I read something that is so true that if you work and you just gain a little bit of money they reduce your stamps with these make you not want to work harder because if you do, they just take more from you. Being able to read about all these situations that is actually happening makes me feel that there are people like the writer that is seeing what we poor people are going through. It is actually refreshing because it makes you see that you are not crazy. One of the things that the government actually do and the book portrays it so well is that they make you feel that what they are giving to you is the best and if you want more the system does not let you develop in anyways.



Cindy Alvarez writes,

The title of the book is very catchy and makes you wonder who can live with just $2 dollars a day, but after reading chapter 3 I was informed that people in America live on that amount. Housing instability is unjust and unfair but still seems not to get attention from our government, which is disheartening and sheds light on the greedy 1% of people who are millionaires in America.  This makes me think about how gentrification is affecting New York City right now in 2017, how people of color are getting kicked out of their homes because the raise of rent and landlords doing things purposely to get people out. These people are getting kicked out because they don’t have enough money to pay for their rent and people take advantage of the poor as shown in this book.


Raysa Polanco is taking “Life Span Development” with Dr. Mendez and submitted the following comment:

This story made me remember some things that happened  from the Decade of 1960 to 1990, a series of events that have profound effects on the indigent families in the United States. In  Kathryn J. Edín  and H. Lucas Shaefer “$2.00 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America.” Critics of the welfare repeatedly argued that the increase of single mothers was mainly due to the increase of the rates of welfare payments through aid to families with dependent children. Despite scientific evidence offers little support for this claim, the indignation of the public against the program, led by the stereotype of “welfare Queen” that Ronald Reagan said in his speech for the nomination for the Presidency in 1976, led to the requests for further modernization of the welfare system. According to the book “$2.00 a day”, the Narrator is describing the different risks that we face people with almost nothing in America. In addition, the author describes the abuses and obstacles that affect their lives. For a long time, I have had to live a difficult situation by being a single mother. Although I am getting help from the welfare program to raise my son and I continue studying, , this really is not enough when you’re living with a high cost of rent. At the same time, I identify with the case of Jennifer Hernández because I am a single mother and I have had many problems such as health, economic and emotional.  Finally, I would like to congratulate the authors of this book for expressing the reality that we live the people of poor here in America.



Elizabeth Ogunloye is a student in Dr. Mendez’s Abnormal Psychology class.

Some believe that people become poor because they make bad decisions. That can be true, but not all poor people are poor because of their own bad judgment. For example, death could leave behind orphans and widows. Such ones could be affect emotionally which will limit them from performing necessary work, and in turn make them poor. Can people with influence and power change society to eliminate world poverty? Some suggested theories showed that socialism or communism could achieve an international classless society in which wealth was distributed fairly. But this didn’t have much positive effect in preventing poverty. What people fail to realize is that poverty is a result of society’s action to promote and protect self-interest. Another important thing is that, poverty has nothing to do with race. Anyone can be poor.



And from Maria Collado:

The book $2 a Day is very interesting because Edin and Shaefer described the story of so many people who have lived their life based on $2 a Day. I cannot imagine what those people have been through living on $2 a day because it is a extremely low income to satisfy all the basic needs of a family such as clothing, food, hosing. It is as Lenora Fulani says on her speech about poverty who has the same opinion as Edin and Shaefer “ poverty has increased because it has been racialized” based on race or ethnicity and also based on the neighborhood people live in.



Johnny Whiting:

After listening to the presentation by Kathryn Edin and reading the chapter in the book it just made me realize what I have believed all along. The state of poverty in America is man made it started with the unequal treatment of certain races of people and classes of people every since the beginning of time we have put other humans in categories or statuses. Poverty really hit hard in the inner cities were blacks and Latinos live and I believe this is because of prejudges and discrimination lack of the proper education or tool such as books computers etc.; to teach the children of the inner city on the same level as the more privileged kid in more well off neighborhoods. The reason drugs and crime are so prevalent in the inner cities I believe is that the lack of job which means no money so how do you eat how do you feed your children how do you meet your most basic need . I also believe that the powers that be believe that a permanent working class is needed or a permanent poor class as well that’s why the government aloud drugs into our country and flood the inner cities with them a form of oppression. I also believe that the government systems set into place to so call help us really are meant to keep us down, uneducated and dependent on the government welfare is ok but what about giving jobs and jobs that a person or family can live on. Job training, affordable housing how about livable housing get rid of the slum lords if people have a nice place to live and raise there children they would feel better about themselves.


My name is Lucero Acevedo Lugo. I am studying at Bronx Community College hopefully graduating with an Associates in Psychology next semester 2018. My course is Psy 40 and my Professor is Rafael Mendez.


It is incredible how well I was identify with the this amazing book the $2.00 a Day, Living on Almost Nothing in America by Kathryn J. Edin and H. Luke Shafer in chapter 3. The story about Jennifer Hernandez and her children Kaitlin and Cole a story that is a real problem and situation that most of us needs to face. I can be identify with this lady and all the struggles that we face when we talk about trying to find a house or a place to live not that expensive. The housing today it’s very had to obtain it and harder to get an apartment of housing with to rooms. I can conclude that most of our income is going directly to our rent. Rent is too expensive and it takes most of our weekly salary. This chapter really explains the reality that most families struggles with.



Destiny Perez is a student in Introduction to Psychology. She read Chapter 3 and writes:


I’ve always had an idea of the hardships low-income families go through. And although I’ve never experienced it to the extent of the families talked about throughout the chapter, I do believe no one should go through that. There are so many government and federal programs that we can’t access because there are too many restrictions. Even when you do qualify for these programs, the help is not guaranteed. Reading that there are thousands of families still on the waiting list to receive help is appalling. The thought that there are thousands of families in the same situations, if not worse than Rae and Jennifer is sickening.



Astrid Perez writes:

Housing instability is a hallmark of life among $2:00 a Day poor. Children who experience $ 2 a day poverty are far more likely to move over the course of a year than other kids.This affects children severely, not being able to finish a school year and having to start over constantly. The instability is fueled by perilous double ups- that mark and speed the descent of those who are already suffering from the fallout from non sustaining work into the ranks of the desperately poor.
People often turn to family during rough times, especially when earnings have not been sufficient to maintain a place of their own. In some cases when living with relatives, it can end in sexual, physical, or verbal abuse. This trauma often leads to the precipitating factor in a family’s fall into $2 a day poverty.  The most obvious manifestation of the affordable housing crisis is in the rising rents. Rent has raised faster than inflation. People are not making enough money to pay for rent, sustain a home, provide food, the care of their children.


Please Join the Politics for the People Conference Call

With Kathyrn Edin

We will be discussing:

$2.00 a Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America

Sunday, December 3rd at 7 pm EST

Call In and Join the Conversation

641-715-3605 and passcode 767775#

New Selection–Chosen by You

Thanks for voting and selecting our next book club selection.


Written by Kathryn J. Edin and H. Luke Shaefer


From the $2.00 A Day: Living on Almost Nothing in America website:

“Jessica Compton’s family of four would have no income if she didn’t donate plasma twice a week at her local donation center in Tennessee. Modonna Harris and her teenage daughter Brianna, in Chicago, have gone for days with nothing to eat other than spoiled milk.

After two decades of groundbreaking research on American poverty, Kathryn Edin noticed something she hadn’t seen before — households surviving on virtually no cash income. Edin, whose deep examination of her subjects’ lives has “turned sociology upside down” (Mother Jones), teamed with Luke Shaefer, an expert on surveys of the incomes of the poor. The two made a surprising discovery: the number of American families living on $2.00 per person, per day, has skyrocketed to one and a half million American households, including about three million children.

But the fuller story remained to be told. Where do these families live? How did they get so desperately poor? What do they do to survive? In search of answers, Edin and Shaefer traveled across the country to speak with families living in this extreme poverty. Through the book’s many compelling profiles, moving and startling answers emerge: a low-wage labor market that increasingly fails to deliver a living wage, and a growing but hidden landscape of survival strategies among America’s extreme poor. Not just a powerful exposé, $2.00 a Day delivers new evidence and new ideas to our national debate on income inequality.”

You can get your copy at Amazon, your local bookseller or library.

The book is riveting and paints the disturbing picture of growing poverty in American post the “welfare reforms” that started in the Clinton era.

Join in our conversation on line…

And join us when we welcome Kathryn Edin

To our Politics for the People Conference Call       

Sunday, December 3rd at 7 pm EST

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Kathryn J. Edin


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